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Ad Reinhardt , (Dec 24, 1913–Aug 30, 1967)
Designed and produced by Ives-Sillman, New Haven, CT


24 in. x 20 in. (60.96 cm x 50.8 cm)

Medium and Support: screenprint on wove paper
Credit Line: found in collection
Accession Number: 1987.161.10


In the late 1950s, Minimalism emerged as an alternative to the chaotic visceral gestures of abstract expressionism. Ad Reinhardt, a leading figure of this style, became known for his monochromatic canvases, especially his black squares. Made fifty years after Kazimir Malevich’s radically non-representational Black Square (1915), Reinhardt was concerned not only with the perceptual implications of blackness, but also with the negation of all symbolic connotations previously associated with the color—or as he referred to it, the “non-color”—black. In the autobiographical chronology the artist compiled for the catalogue of his 1966 retrospective, he further acknowledges Georgia O’Keeffe’s Black Cross, New Mexico (1929) as an important precedent to his black paintings. This screenprint from the portfolio X + X (Ten Works by Ten Painters) skillfully captures the subtle variations in hue between different areas of the image.

Kelley Tialiou
Charles H. Sawyer Curatorial Assistant | Librarian | Archivist

The Addison Gallery has an incomplete provenance record for this object. If you have any information, please contact the museum in writing at:

Addison Gallery of American Art
Phillips Academy
180 Main Street
Andover, MA 01810

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