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Image of Landscape with Indian and Dog by a Waterfall

George Loring Brown , (Feb 2, 1814–Jun 25, 1889)

Landscape with Indian and Dog by a Waterfall

19th century
28 1/8 in. x 36 in. (71.44 cm x 91.44 cm)

Medium and Support: Oil on canvas
Credit Line: Museum purchase
Accession Number: 1958.43


Displaced and marginalized by mass tourism and industrialization, many
indigenous inhabitants of the Niagara Falls region nevertheless saw the tourist
boom as key to their survival. Taking advantage of both a European American
fantasy that romanticized them as noble savages uncorrupted by modernity
(a trope reflected in George Loring Brown’s Landscape with Indian and Dog
by a Waterfall, hanging nearby) and a pervasive visual association of the
falls with indigenous peoples, they sold quantities of souvenirs they made
to tourists. Blending indigenous aesthetics and methods of production with
European American forms, these mementos—beaded pincushions and hats,
embroidered baskets, and moccasins—satisfied visitors’ desires for authentic,
tangible evidence of contact with a picturesque and vanishing race.

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